Humphead parrotfish are impressive to say the least and that is the least we can say. Easily recognizable by the imposing growth on their heads and always in schools, the humphead parrotfish is an adored reef species and many can be seen in Bali on the famous USAT Liberty shipwreckreck. This wreck is located in Tulamben, 15 km from Amed.

The big stars of the wreck

Humphead parrotfish are particularly fond of coral reefs and can often be found near passes and in lagoons at the beginning or end of the day at depths of up to 30 metres. When night arrives, this impressive fish « sleeps » under overhangs or inside wrecks like those of the USAT Liberty. Indeed, the humphead parrotfish wants to spend its night in a cave with its companions. A large wreck such as the USAT Liberty offers many places to take a shelterered rest. But that’s not the only reason humphead parrotfish are so fond of wrecks. Yes, they also appreciate the majestic USAT Liberty’s, in Tulamben, just close to Amed, adorned coral reef, for the 125-metre long and 17-metre high shipwreck offers a buffet of small algae and coral polyps. If you want to go diving to meet these astounding parrotfish, you can follow the following link for more information :

Humphead parrotfish : always well accompanied

The humphead parrotfish will surely be one of the most surprising fish you will see if you have the opportunity. It can weigh between 70 and 100 kg and measure up to 1.5 metres in length! In addition, the hump on its head makes it the largest parrotfish in the world. And finally, the humphead parrotfish never moves alone; You will generally meet them in the company of 30 to 50 of their fellow school. And in very exceptional cases, schools of more than 70 humphead parrotfish have been admired. But if you want to approach them, be careful not to frighten them! Because humphead parrotfish are shy, they will not hesitate to use their large fins to make a quick departure. So a word of advice, don’t rush and approach slowly!

Gardeners and reef builders

As you will have understood, humphead parrotfish feed mainly on microscopic algae that are contained within coral colonies. To do this, it will crush the coral and extract the algae. It is thanks to the intervention of humphead parrotfishes that the coral is not choked by a mass of algae. By eating coral all day long, up to five tons per year,  the humphead parrotfish contributes to the consolidation of the reef and succeeds in carving splendid coral beaches. By transforming the coral skeleton into sand through digestion, which it then rejects, the coral structures are able to regenerate.  The humphead parrotfish can be praised for its voracious appetite, making it a real gardener!

Humpback parrot fish : violent Don Juan

During the breeding season, male humphead parrotfish turn into true suave Don Juan to seduce females. They will fight violently for them with head butts. If you have the opportunity to attend this show, it is impressive to say the least. Indeed, you will be able to see them strike with their monstrous jaw composed of a robust beak resulting from the fusion between their teeth. When not fighting, this beak is also used to break corals to feed. But don’t worry, despite their fighting spirit against rivals, imposing size, and accompanied movement, the humphead parrotfish remains quite fearful in the presence of divers. No risk of attack then! If you would like to have the opportunity to see these impressive fish a little closer, follow this link :